Scorel, Jan van
- (1495-1562)Dutch Romanist painter from Schoorl, a village near Alkmaar; the bastard son of a priest, his birth legitimized by Emperor Charles V in 1541. While attending Latin school in Alkmaar, Jan van Egmond, who later became the city's burgomaster, recognized van Scorel's talent and sent him to study with Cornelis Buys, Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen's brother. Some scholars believe that van Scorel also studied with van Oostsanen himself in 1512 and that he may have gone to Utrecht in c. 1517-1518 where he would have met fellow Romanist Jan Gossart. In c. 1518-1519, he also went to Venice and, in 1520, he left for the Holy Land with a group of pilgrims. Two years later, he was in Rome where the Dutch Pope Hadrian VI put him in charge of the antiquities housed in the Belvedere, a position he lost when the pope died in 1523. Five years later, van Scorel settled in Utrecht where by 1551 he owned three houses and acted as canon of the local parish church. He died in Utrecht in 1562.Some of van Scorel's works show the influence of Venetian art, as seen in his Death of Cleopatra (c. 1522; Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum), a Giorgionesque reclining nude in a landscape, and Mary Magdalen (c. 1529; Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum), a three-quarter sculptural figure set outdoors that recalls some of the compositions of Palma Vecchio and Lorenzo Lotto, both active in Venice. Van Scorel's Baptism of Christ (c. 1528; Haarlem, Frans Halsmuseum) is a landscape populated by seminude figures inspired by Michelangelo, and his Presentation in the Temple (c. 1530-1535; Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum) unfolds within a Bramantesque architectural setting that recalls Raphael's School of Athens in the Stanza della Segnatura at the Vatican (1510-1511). Van Scorel's eclecticism no doubt resulted from his enthusiasm for the many lessons the Italians had to offer. He was responsible for the artistic training of Anthonis Mor and Maerten van Heemskerck, who owe their interest in the Italian idiom to their master.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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SCOREL, Jan van — (1495 1562) Jan van Scorel, a major painter in the city of Utrecht from 1524 until his death, was largely responsible for the introduction into the northern Netherlands of the ideas of the Italian Renaissance, such as movement, proportion,… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Scorel, Jan van — born August 1495, Schoorel, Habsburg Netherlands died Dec. 6, 1562, Utrecht Dutch humanist, architect, engineer, and painter. He studied briefly with Jan Gossart, who encouraged him to travel. Five years of work and study in Europe eventually… … Universalium
Scorel, Jan van — (ago. 1495, Schoorel, Países Bajos españoles–6 dic. 1562, Utrecht). Humanista, arquitecto, ingeniero y pintor holandés. Estudió brevemente con Jan Gossart, quien lo alentó a viajar. Cinco años de trabajo y estudio en Europa lo llevaron finalmente … Enciclopedia Universal
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Jan van Scorel — (Gemälde von Anthonis Mor van Dashorst, 1560) Jan van Scorel, (* 1. August 1495 in Schoorl (Scorel) bei Alkmaar; † 6. Dezember 1562 in Utrecht) war ein niederlä … Deutsch Wikipedia
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